古斯塔夫·卡耶博特(GustaveCaillebotte,1848年8月19日-1894年2月21日),法国印象派画家。这幅油画作品《The Orange Trees or The Artist’s Brother in His Garden》橙色的树或艺术家的兄弟在他的花园,它描绘出树荫下阅读报纸的艺术家,修剪树叶的女仆在树荫下乘凉的画面。下面和小编一起来看看“橘子树油画高清百度网盘资源下载”的相关内容。

目录:

1.The Orange Trees画作信息

2.古斯塔夫·卡耶博特介绍

3.The Orange Trees作品介绍

4.无水印高清图下载

橘子树油画高清百度网盘资源下载

The Orange Trees画作信息

图片尺寸:6433 × 8455 像素
作品名称:The Orange Trees or The Artist’s Brother in His Garden
创作者:古斯塔夫·卡耶博特 Gustave Caillebotte
创作年代:1878
风格:印象派
体裁:风俗画
材质:布面油画
实际尺寸:w116.84 x h154.94 cm (unframed)
现位于:Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
版权信息: Public Domain(公有领域)

古斯塔夫·卡耶博特介绍

人物经历

古斯塔夫·卡耶博特(GustaveCaillebotte,1848年8月19日-1894年2月21日),法国印象派画家。

卡耶博特出生于富贵家庭,除了自己作画,也不断购买同时代印象派画家好友们的绘画。他的收藏包括:莫奈14幅、毕沙罗19幅、雷诺阿10幅、西斯莱9幅、德加7幅、塞尚5幅、马奈4幅。1876年,卡耶博特28岁时,就决定将他的印象派收藏捐赠给法国,死后由雷诺阿监督入藏卢浮宫。

卡耶博特的作品以原创见称,其原创性在于作品的主题,尤其是巴黎改造时期各色人物的无聊与至极的孤独,但也包括乡村和自己的家庭亲友。他的技法也具有原创性,几近于摄影技法。

古斯塔夫·卡耶博特作品

他描绘了许多从室内窗边眺望窗外或巴黎街景的人物,例如《室内》,站在窗边的女性,背向着观众,右边侧面男性坐在椅子上看报纸。这是一幅率直的都市风景,描绘现代生活的瞬间——居住巴黎奥曼斯大道中产阶级的日常生活景象,洋溢富裕家庭的氛围。

其他许多作品,如《阿让特的帆船》《下雨的巴黎街道》《奥曼斯大道上的交通岛》等,把大自然中明丽的光感和丰富的色彩描绘出来,呈现给观者的是光色之美。

The Orange Trees作品介绍

Les Orangers(英文名:The Orange Trees)是法国印象派画家古斯塔夫-卡耶博特的一幅油画。画布尺寸为155×117厘米(61英寸×46英寸)。这幅画由奥黛丽-琼斯-贝克获得,是长期借给休斯顿美术博物馆的收藏品的一部分,后来该收藏品于1999年捐赠给该博物馆。

卡耶博特与当时的其他印象派画家一样,对园艺情有独钟,是该运动最狂热的园艺家之一。他的许多同时代人更喜欢有机和野生的环境,而卡耶博特则喜欢修剪过的正式布置。他对他的果树进行了精心的修剪,以鼓励其紧凑生长。评论家们认为,这可能与他对透视的兴趣相一致。

卡耶博特于1878年在Yerres的家庭乡村庄园里,在户外画了这幅画。虽然印象派画家以在户外作画而闻名,但像这样用这种手法画的大画布并不多见,因为要在光线改变之前迅速创作出这样的大作品是很困难的。卡耶博特获得了这样一个例子,即克劳德-莫奈在当年3月创作的《Le Déjeuner》,它很可能影响了这件作品。

这幅画描绘了一个白天的场景。卡耶博特的弟弟马蒂亚尔正坐在橘子树的树荫下读书,背对着观众。他的穿着与雷诺阿《夏图的桨手》中古斯塔夫本人的穿着相同。他们的表妹佐伊-卡耶博特站在凡尔赛宫的一个浴盆旁,这个浴盆当时作为花园的花盆很流行,里面放着这些树。马蒂亚尔和佐伊的姿势表明,他们各自都在静静地享受下午的私人时光。前景中的轻质喷漆弹簧钢花园椅出现在耶鲁斯的其他作品中,在庄园的同时期照片中也可以看到。在背景中,明亮的阳光照亮了一个圆形的花坛,周围是一条弯曲的碎石路,在花坛的边缘,一只狗似乎正在睡觉。

卡耶博特在画面下部阴暗的前景和明亮的背景之间采用了鲜明的对比。阴影是用柔和的绿色和紫色画的,而草坪和花坛是明亮的绿色、红色和白色。阳光和阴影区域之间的强烈界定,与印象派画家雷诺阿和莫奈的类似户外场景中出现的斑驳光线不同。艺术史学家和评论家Kirk Varnedoe认为,这种对比有助于产生一种午后的热感。

英文介绍(原文)

Les Orangers (English title: The Orange Trees) is an oil painting by French impressionist Gustave Caillebotte. The canvas measures 155 by 117 centimetres (61 in × 46 in). It was acquired by Audrey Jones Beck and was part of a collection that was on a long-term loan to the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, before the collection was donated to the museum in 1999. The painting now hangs in the museum building named for Beck.

Caillebotte, in common with other impressionist painters of the time, had an affinity for horticulture and was one of the movement’s most avid gardeners. While many of his contemporaries preferred more organic and wild settings, Caillebotte preferred manicured, formal arrangements. He trained his fruit trees with careful pruning to encourage compact growth. Critics have suggested that this may have been in keeping with his interest in perspective.

Caillebotte painted this canvas en plein air at the family’s country estate in Yerres in 1878. Although impressionist painters were known for painting outdoors, large canvases such as this, painted with this technique, were uncommon due to the difficulties in creating such a large work quickly, before the light changed. Caillebotte obtained one such example, Le Déjeuner by Claude Monet in March of that year, and it is likely to have influenced this work.

The image depicts a daytime scene. Caillebotte’s brother Martial is reading while sitting in the shade of the orange trees with his back towards the viewer. He is dressed in the same way as Gustave himself in Renoir’s Oarsmen at Chatou. Their cousin, Zoé Caillebotte, is standing at one of the Versailles tubs, then fashionable as garden planters, which contain the trees. The poses of Martial and Zoé suggest that they are each enjoying the afternoon quietly with their private thoughts. The lightweight painted sprung-steel garden chairs in the foreground appear in other works painted at Yerres, and can be seen in a contemporaneous photograph of the estate. In the background, the bright sunlight illuminates a circular flower bed surrounded by a curving gravel path, at the edge of which a dog appears to be sleeping.

Caillebotte employs sharp contrast between the shady foreground in the lower part of the image and the bright background. The shadows are painted in muted greens and purples, while the lawn and flower beds are brilliant greens, reds and whites. The strong definition between the areas of sunlight and shadow is a departure from the dappled light that occurs in similar outdoor scenes by Impressionists Renoir and Monet. Art historian and critic Kirk Varnedoe suggests that this contrast contributes to a sense of afternoon heat.(维基百科)

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图片尺寸:6433 × 8455 像素
图片大小:9.19 MB
图片格式:JPG
下载方式:百度网盘

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